Staphyloma is the term given to an eye whose sclero-uveal coats are stretched (aka ectasia). This most commonly occurs posteriorly, athough anterior staphyloma also is recognised.
Posterior staphyloma

* progressive myopia (aka mega myope) most common cause.
* glaucoma
* scleritis
* necrotizing infection
* surgery / trauma
* radiotherapy

Anterior staphyloma

Seen seconday to inflammation or infection of the sclero-corneal lining of the eye.

1. M Mafee, GE Valvassori, M Becker “Imaging of the Head and Neck” Thieme 2005 2nd Ed.
2. D Osborne, GN Foulks “Computed Tomographic Analysis of Deformity and Dimensional Changes in the Eyeball” Radiographics 1985; 153:699-674

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Credit: Dr Frank Gaillard